North America is nestled between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It is present in the Northern hemisphere of the earth. Before Columbus discovered it, North America was unknown to Europe. It was occupied by indigenous tribes. Later it became free of colonization and is now one of the developed parts of the world.

North American continental mass also contains Central America, a narrow piece of land that connects the two Americas. The Caribbean islands are also part of North America.

Also Read: Americas Travel Guide

Geographical Beauty

Iceberg tourism in Greenland_PD

Icebergs tourism in Greenland

On the extreme north is Greenland. Followed by it, is Canada. TheĀ United States of America is in the central part of North America. South of the US lies Mexico. The southernmost part of the continent holds central America. Caribbean islands are scattered on the Pacific Ocean.

From freezing temperatures in the Arctic tundra of Northern Canada and Alaska to the dense, tropical rain forests in Central America to the beautiful white sand beaches of the Caribbean islands, you have everything here.

Today, North America is made up of several independent countries. Let’s take a look below.

Countries of the North Americas

There are 23 countries that make the North American continent. Below is the alphabetical list of countries includes both the Caribbean region and Central America:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United States of America

Dependent territories of North America

Listed in alphabetical order:

  • Anguilla (UK)
  • Aruba (Netherlands)
  • Bermuda (UK)
  • Bonaire (Netherlands)
  • British Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Cayman Islands (UK)
  • Clipperton Island (France)
  • Curacao (Netherlands)
  • Greenland (Denmark)
  • Guadeloupe (France)
  • Martinique (France)
  • Montserrat (UK)
  • Navassa Island (USA)
  • Puerto Rico (USA)
  • Saba (Netherlands)
  • Saint Barthelemy (France)
  • Saint Martin (France)
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
  • Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)
  • Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
  • Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)
  • US Virgin Islands (USA)

People of North America

Over half a billion residents live in this region, with over 60% of the population in its three most populous countries, the United States, Mexico, and Canada.

The cities here are hi-tech and smart. Chicago, Los Angeles, Kingston, Panama City, Vancouver, New York City, Washington DC are some of the famous big cities.

Natural wonders which will grab your attention are Niagara Falls, Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park, etc.

A full package of fun awaits you when you step into these culturally diverse continents. Enjoy the beaches, metropolitan cities, neoclassic architecture, and warm hosts.


US dollars are accepted in most parts of the continent. But in Canada, you need to exchange the currency. Mastercard and Visa are accepted throughout North America.


The English language is the lingua franca in this continent. But in places like the Caribbean and Mexico, you need to step your game up with Spanish. French is also used in some parts of the continent. Basic knowledge of French and Spanish with full command over English will help you communicate with the natives.


North American cuisines are a blend of cultures. Different groups of people have come together on this continent. Due to which you will find varied forms of traditional cuisines.

Getting Around

Airway connectivity is extensive. Traveling between countries is affordable. Most travelers prefer riding their cars across the borders. It saves a lot of time(compared to the bus) and is adequate.

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August 23, 2016 12:00 am Published by 1 Comment

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