Canada is the second-largest country in the world and is also the largest country in North America by land area. It is certainly a destination you will want to visit. The landscape here varies tremendously from east to west and from north to south.

The entire country cannot be covered in one trip, as it is full of natural beauty that amazes at every turn. It is world-renowned for its vast untouched landscapes, diverse terrain, history, and its mix of cultures.

Regions and Terrain

Canada lies in the northern hemisphere. It also crosses the Arctic Circle. Due to its vast size, Canada has 13 provinces and all regions are unique in their own way.

From the beautiful coastal areas in Atlantic provinces to the beautiful Niagara Falls, the Rocky Mountains in Alberta to the breathtaking natural beauty in the Prairies, Canada has it all! 

This beautiful country also has unique flora and fauna in the cold northern provinces. This area practically touches the northern tip of the world. 

British Columbia, or BC, is west towards the Pacific Coast. BC is culturally diverse and vibrant, with both natural beauty and roaring city life.

Things To Do in Canada

Tourism plays a significant part in Canada’s economy. Its unique geographical diversity is a strong tourist appeal. However, the majority of tourist attractions are centered in five metropolitan areas: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, and Ottawa. These areas are known for their cultural and historical sites, as well as the national parks.

Top Cities in Canada

  • Toronto — The largest city in Canada, fourth-largest in North America, Toronto is the media, entertainment, business, economic and cultural capital of Canada. Toronto is well known for famous landmarks like the CN Tower, but also has many great museums, theatres, sports venues, shopping districts, entertainment districts, beaches, and recreational parks.
  • Vancouver — One of the most densely populated cities in Canada, Vancouver is a city of steel and glass condominiums and outstanding natural beauty. It is unique in that it is a city where one can ski and sit on the beach in the same 24 hours. The city was also the host of the 2010 Winter Olympics and is frequently ranked as one of the most livable cities in the world.
  • Montreal — Once Canada’s largest metropolis, Montreal is the core of North America’s Francophone culture (you can still get by with English) and is home to some of the finest galleries, museums, venues, and festivals in the country along with great shopping on streets like Sainte-Catherine and Saint-Denis. Don’t miss Mount Royal, either.
  • Quebec City — The Province of Quebec’s capital, founded 1608, well known for its quaint old city, its grand winter festival, and gorgeous architecture like the Château Frontenac.
  • Ottawa — Canada’s national capital, this city is home to national government monuments like Parliament Hill, many major museums like the National Gallery, cool urban neighborhoods like the ByWard Market, and great old architecture.
  • Calgary — A boom-town without a doubt, Calgary is a major Canadian financial city, but for non-business travelers, it offers the world-class Calgary Zoo, the Calgary Tower, the Calgary Stampede, Glenbow Museum, shopping at Chinook Mall and Atlantic Ave, and is only a short distance from the recreation of the Rockies.
  • Halifax — home to the second-largest natural harbor in the world is rich in history with architecture dating back from English colonialism. See fortress Citadel hill, Canadian museum of the Atlantic, and the active nightlife where everything is a short walk away.
  • Whitehorse — Midpoint of the Alaska Highway, the gateway to the outdoor activities of Canada’s far north.
  • Winnipeg — This city is near the heart of the continent and has a rich French-Canadian and First Nations culture, along with well-preserved blocks of historic commercial buildings, renowned arts and culture, and the vibrancy of the Forks.

Best Time to Visit Canada

The climate varies from temperate on the west coast of British Columbia to a subarctic climate in the north. Extreme northern regions can experience snow for most of the year with a polar climate. Parts of Western Canada have a semi-arid climate, and parts of Vancouver Island have a cool Mediterranean climate.

Canada hosts natural beauty and is also a major tourist destination. It is a perfect combination of both wilderness and adventure. Let’s explore Canada!

Getting Around in Canada

Taxis are plentiful in all cities and towns. Also, if you want to hire a car, you can do it in any city or airport. You need to be over 21 (in some cases, over 25) to do that. Roads are in good condition and cars drive on the right side of the road here.

Currency of Canada

The official currency is Canadian dollars. The currency exchange is available at banks and bureaus de change. Some hotels also provide currency exchange, but the rates will not be the best. All major credit cards are widely accepted.

However, many stores charge additional C$5 to C$20 per debit or credit card purchase. ATMs are plentiful in cities and towns, but they are rare in remote rural regions.

Language

Two official languages of the country are English and French.

Electricity & Plug Types

In Canada, they use electric sockets and plugs of types A and B. The standard voltage is 120V.

June 27, 2016 12:00 am Published by 4 Comments

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