Mexico City, also known as the City of Mexico, is the capital and the biggest city in Mexico. It is one of the most important economical centers of America. It is situated in the Valley of Mexico and is divided into 16 municipalities. According to the most recent data, there are over 21 million people living in Mexico City, which makes it world’s tenth largest Spanish-speaking city.
The City of Mexico is the oldest capital city in America, and also it is one of the two cities founded by representatives of the Native American ethnos (the other is Quito). Originally, it was built on an island in Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325. Later, after the Spanish conquest, it was rebuilt, according to Spanish urban standards. The City of Mexico was one of the main political, administrative and financial centers in Spanish colonial empire. The Mexico City federal district was created in 1824, after pronouncing independence from Spain.
The City of Mexico historic center and the Xochimilco “floating gardens” were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The most recognizable tourist sight in Mexico is the Golden Angel of Independence on avenue Paseo de la Reforma. This avenue is also an important financial district. There are 160 museums in Mexico City. This is the largest amount of museums among all metropolitan cities. Many areas in Mexico City are dedicated to the painter Diego Riviera and his wife Frida Kahlo.
If you are in the City of Mexico, you should also visit Chapultepec Park, which has a castle, many museums, monuments and the national zoo. And do not miss the National Museum of Anthropology, where the famous Aztec Calendar Stone, along with other interesting objects, are displayed.
There are also several restored haciendas in Mexico City, which are now serving as restaurants, and are worth visiting. For example, San Ángel Inn, the Hacienda de Tlalpan and the Hacienda de los Morales.
November 13, 2016 11:45 am
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