An island is a land mass which is smaller than a continent and surrounded by water. Island nations are, therefore, autonomous regions. As of latest data, approximately the quarter of all the UN countries lies on islands. By the way, the percentage of democratic societies among island nations is higher, than that of continental countries. Also, during the history, islands showed the tendency towards higher political stability, than their continental counterparts.
Typically, island countries are small. However, there are exceptions, such as Indonesia and Japan. Australia was also once considered an island, although nowadays it is more often referred to as a continent. Many island countries are actually archipelagos (a collective group of several smaller islands), such as Micronesia and the Philippines (which consists of thousands of islands). Others island nation can just be a single island, such as Nauru, or even part of a bigger island, such as Haiti. Island nations come in many shapes and varieties.
Sovereign Island Nations
The below is a list of all the island dependencies of the various countries. These islands are not sovereign or independent countries.
Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
The Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
One Saint Barthélemy
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
The Turks and Caicos Islands
Wallis and Futuna
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