Chile’s official name is The Republic of Chile. It is in South America. It shares a border with Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. Santiago is the capital and is also the largest city in the country. Spanish is the national language. Christianity is the most popular religion here. Most followers belong to the Catholic church. 25% of the people are either Atheist or Agnostic.
The country is rich in minerals. Copper is one of the most abundant. Chile is also the most prosperous country in South America. The population is over 18 million.
Chilean Peso is the local currency. The approximate exchange rate is CH$678 for US$1. The currency exchange is available in commercial banks, casas de cambio, some shops, restaurants, hotels, and clubs. MasterCard and Visa credit cards are acceptable in cities and towns. ATMs are also widely available.
Taxis are plentiful. However, in tourist areas, they may cost twice as much as elsewhere. Generally, cabs in Chile have meters. But it is still advisable to find out the price, before getting in. For long journeys around the country, it is better to hire a car. You can do it at the airport and in major city centers. You need to be over 22 (in some cases – over 18) years old. Roads are in generally good condition and cars drive on the right side of the road here.
In Chile, they use electric sockets of types C and L (C-type plug is also applicable for this type of socket). The standard voltage is 220V.
In the recent decades, Chile has been experiencing a rapid growth in the tourist industry. Approximately two million tourists visit the country every year. The majority of visitors come from other countries of South America, mainly Argentina and Brazil, but there are also a lot of travelers from the United States, Europe, South Korea and China.
The main tourist attractions are country’s natural beauties, such as San Pedro de Atacama and the Valley of the Moon. The Chungara Lake, the Parinacota and the Pomerape volcanoes are also very popular among travelers. The country is famous for its ski resorts as well, predominantly Portillo, Valle Nevado and Termas de Chillan.
The main tourist spots of the southern region are its national parks. The most famous are Conguillío National Park in the Araucanía, Nahuelbuta National Park, Laguna San Rafael National Park and Torres del Paine National Park. Another attractive destination is a World Heritage city of Valparaiso, which boasts a truly unique architecture.
And, of course, the major Chilean tourist destination is the Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean, with its world-famous moais, ancient monolithic human figures.
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