Colombia is a large country in South America. Its official name is the Republic of Columbia. It shares a border with Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. Many tribes once lived here, including the Muisca, the Quimbaya, and the Tairona. Ownership changed when it became a Spanish Colony. The capital of the country is Bogota, DC. The official language used here is Spanish. There are 68 other recognized languages spoken regularly. In some parts of the country, English is also an official language.There is not much ethnic diversity, with 86% of the population of both Mestizo and white origin.
Colombia declared its independence from Spain on July 28, 1810. It currently has a population of 48.7 million people. Its currency is the peso, as in many other Spanish colonies. The country inhabits a large part of Amazon Rainforests. Therefore, it has a lot of biological diversity. Geographically, Colombia is also a very diverse country.
Catholicism is the most popular religion. 90% of the population is Catholic. The country’s culture shows influences from Latin America, Native America, and Spain.
The official currency is Colombian Peso. The approximate exchange rate is Col$3010 for US$1. The currency exchange is available in banks, bureaus de change, and hotels. Other exchange facilities may charge additional commissions. MasterCard and Visa credit cards are widely acceptable. There are also plentiful ATMs throughout the main cities.
There are plenty of taxis in big cities and they are reasonably cheap. However, as a tourist, you may be sometimes overcharged. You can also hire a car, although you need to be over 25 (in some cases – over 21) to do that. Roads are generally in reasonable condition and cars drive on the right side of the road here. However, city driving may be chaotic and dangerous.
In Colombia, they use electric sockets of types A and B, so you don’t need to bring an adapter if you are coming from the USA. Also, the standard voltage is 110V.
Colombia has a very rich and diverse geography, including the Amazon, the Caribbean and the Pacific coasts, the deserts of La Guajira and the Andes Mountains. This geographical diversity, composed with a unique biodiversity, gives the country big potential and numerous opportunities for ecotourism.
A popular time to visit Colombia includes festivals, such as the Cali’s Fair, the Barranquilla’s Carnival, the Bogota Summer Festival, the Flower Festival and Christmas holidays.
August 13, 2016 12:00 am 1 Comment