Chad is situated in Central Africa.  It shares a border with LibyaSudanCentral African RepublicCameroonNigeria, and also Niger. Geographically, it is the fifth largest country in Africa.

The climate of Chad is both harsh and arid, earning it the name of “The Dead Heart of Africa”. However, the country has diverse terrain throughout its regions. Its capital is N’Djamena.

Both Arabic and French are popular languages here. There are also over one hundred different regional dialects. The population of Chad is very diverse ethnically. The majority of people are of Sara ethnicity, with approximately 28% of its locals claiming this heritage.

The country is home to an estimated 13.7 million people or Chadians. Islam is the most widely-observed religion. Around half of the population is Muslim. The other main religions are Roman Catholicism, Protestant, and Animist.

The official currency is CFA Frank. The approximate exchange rate is XOF656 for US$1. The easiest currencies to exchange are US Dollars and Euros. Pounds Sterling and other currencies are not as easy. Only two hotels in N’Djaména accept credit cards. Also, it can be difficult to obtain cash from your card at a bank. 

Taxis operate in N’Djaména and have flat prices. Also, drives may expect a 10% tip. There are also a few places, where you can hire a self-drive car or a car with a driver. However, driving outside the capital is rather extreme. There are no emergency services, poor security conditions and a lack of housing, food, and petrol. Many roads need urgent repair and are inaccessible during the rainy season. Also, for travel outside N’Djaména, you will need an authorisation from the Ministry of the Interior. 

In Chad, they use electric sockets of types D, E and F. Plugs of type C are also applicable. However, you should bring an adapter, if you are coming from the USA. The standard voltage is 220V.

As the country is so diverse in languages and ethnicity, its culture is very rich. Traditional music of Chad includes some unusual instruments, such as the kinde, a kind of a bow harp, the kakaki, a long tin horn, and the hu hu, a string instrument. There are also a lot of instruments, specific for some particular ethnic groups.

Traditional Chad cuisine and food habits also depend on the region. For example, in the north people don’t drink alcohol at all, while in the south alcoholic drinks are rather popular. On the other hand, some dishes just have different names, being de-facto the same. For example, millet, a staple food, is used to prepare balls of paste, which are dipped in sauce, and are popular throughout the country. In the north, their name is alysh, and in the south – biya. Fish dishes are also popular in Chad, as well as the sweet red tea, extracted from hibiscus leaves.

Tourism is a minor industry in Chad. In fact, the majority of travelers come only to hunt and visit the Zakouma National Park.

August 11, 2016 12:00 am Published by Leave your thoughts

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