Originally called Gharapuri, the Elephanta Island gets its modern name from the Portuguese who found a colossal stone elephant here in the 16th century. The Island is located off of Mumbai coast and is home to world famous Elephanta Caves which is a UNESCO World Heritage site in India.
Story of Elephanta
The Elephnata Island and Caves showcases a time when the Hindu sect of Shaivism (a religious sect dedicated to the Lord Shiva), was blooming in the western region of India.
Sadly, the Portuguese damaged many of the sculptures and pillars within the Elephanta Caves as they tested the amount of echo by firing shots into the cave.
Things To Do In Elephanta Island
Elephanta Island is small and round which looks like the back of a giant turtle. Located in the the Arabian Sea, it is short way from the coast of Mumbai.
After disembarking from your boat, you will take a narrow road. This steep uphill road is filled with local vendors selling jamun (a salted plum coloured fruit) in cleverly designed pouches, holding no more than 7-8 jamuns in each.
To get to the caves, you’ll take a long flight of sharp stone steps. Some locals regard the caves as a religious place dedicated to Lord Shiva, which accounts for a large number of aged visitors.
There is a tourist ticket and tax for both adults and kids, and for local and foreigners. The ticket plus tax is negligible in amount for Indian citizens. Keep some cash handy.
For foreign nationals, the Cave entrance ticket is roughly $8-10 USD or Rs. 500 INR.
There are several caves you can visit. According to the guard there, there are only five caves on Elephanta Island. Except the first two caves at the entrance, other caves are small and not well developed.
Elephanta Caves Festival
For two days in February (7 pm-10 pm), Elephant Island hosts a classical music and dance cultural event. Watch the performances in open air and against the backdrop of the caves.
Festivities begin with local fishermen performing folk dances and continues with esteemed musicians from all over India showcasing their skill and talent.
If you are fast, you can take the first boat from Mumbai (12:00 noon) to Elephanta Island, visit all the caves, and then go up to the Cannon Hill to see the old cannon, come back to the dockside, and take the last boat (5:30 pm) back to Mumbai.
To get to Cannon Hill, just walk up to the top of the Island. There are two 19-20th century cannons there and the ruins of a fort in between the two make for a nice viewpoint of the bay; otherwise nothing else to see.
Camping in Elephanta
First thing first, staying overnight or camping in Elephanta Caves is not permitted.
If you want to stay overnight, then you have to stay with the locals which is not advisable. Proceed with caution and at your own risk. Let someone in your party know about your whereabouts and who you are staying with and the address and names.
If you want to rest during the daytime, the Maharastra Tourism Department Hotel is a good choice. They serve food and drinks. The view of the sea from the MTDC restaurant is really pleasing to the eye. You can sip on your tea, coffee, or beer while enjoying the pleasing view.
When you arrive at the Elephanta Island, there will be lots of locals offering you the service to guide you around. Unless you are unfamiliar with the Indian god Shiva and would like to know the details of Shiva’s life and family, you do not really need a tourist guide.
If you really want to know all about Elephanta caves and Shiva, you can buy a good book from any vendors when you walk up the hill to the caves. Remember you should always bargain the price in India.
There is a small train to take you from the dockside to the entrance at the bottom of the hill. Depending on the crowd, you can decide to take the train or walk to the caves.
How to go to Elephanta Caves
To get to Elephanta Caves, you will need to go to the Gateway of India in the Mumbai city. From here, get the boat or ferry tickets. The journey takes 1 hour to reach the island.
The first boat of the day is at 9 AM; they may wait a little bit for more passengers, but they are pretty much leave the dock on time. They have a boat going to Elephanta Island every 30 minutes. Week days are less crowded than weekends.
The tickets are available at the Maharastra tourism development corp (MTDC) at the entrance of Gateway. The Caves are off-visit on Mondays although the MTDC does sell boat tickets with the ticket saying so, so be aware.
Beware of the monkeys that roam around. There have been many cases of people been scratched or attacked by monkeys, usually in retaliation. Please do not interact with wildlife and leave them alone. Protect your food, camera, valuables as monkeys can steal or snatch them if you are not careful.
Bring your own bottled water from Mumbai. Tap water is not safe for drinking.
May 13, 2018 6:52 pm