Azerbaijan is in the Transcaucasian region. It lies at the intersection of both Southeastern Europe and Southwest Asia. The Caspian Sea is to the east, and Armenia is to the west. Both Russia and Georgia are to the north and northwest, respectively. Iran is to the south.

Azerbaijan houses the first known human-made fireplace. This ancient hearth is found in Azikh Cave, which is also the country’s largest cave. This fireplace originated between 500,000 to 700,000 years ago. This fact gives Azerbaijan its reputation as “the Land of Fire”.

The official language of the country is Azerbaijani. Russian and Armenian are also widely spoken. In the last decades, English started to play a significant role in education and communication. So, if you ask a young person for help, there is a big chance, he will understand you.

The official currency is Azeri New Manat. The approximate exchange rate is AZN1, 75 to US$1. The currency exchange facilities are available at the airport, bureaus de change, hotels, major banks and some restaurants. Preferable currencies for exchange are US Dollars, Euros and Pounds Sterling. Generally, Azerbaijan has a cash-only economy. However, credit cards are accepted in major hotels, restaurants, and banks in the capital city. You can also use a credit card to buy tickets at the airport. 

Taxis are widely available in both urban and rural areas. They don’t have meters, so you should negotiate the price, before getting in. You can also hire a taxi for sightseeing. However, if you want to hire a car, you can do it in Baku downtown, from both international and local companies. Also, you can book a rental car at Baku airport. However, roads outside of Baku are in a quite poor condition. And keep in mind that drivers in Azerbaijan are careless and do not adhere to traffic regulations. 

The electric sockets and plugs are of types C and F here, as in Europe. The standard voltage is 220V. So, take an adapter, if you are coming from the USA or the UK. 

The cultural, historical and natural heritage of Azerbaijan attracts visitors from all over the world. Untouched nature, mineral springs, ancient architecture, unique culture, and cuisine allow Azerbaijan to develop various types of tourism, both in winter and in summer. The swimming season starts in May, and there are numerous opportunities for diving. Ecological tours to Azerbaijan are also very popular and include trekking, climbing, and visits to nature reservations. The tourism industry in Azerbaijan is developing very fast, and may soon become one of the major sectors of the country’s economy.

Here, travelers will find a town resting above the Caspian Sea. Built in 1947, it sits above the sea on stilts. This city is called the Oily Rocks. The Oily Rocks is the first city built on stilts. It is also the largest to this day. 

Travel to this country to explore the history of humanity’s relationship with fire. See unique towns, ancient caves, and lose yourself in stunning architecture. Also, be sure to visit The Oily Rocks and experience life above the Caspian Sea. It is a trip you are sure to remember!

July 18, 2016 12:00 am Published by Leave your thoughts

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