New Caledonia is a French territory in the southwest Pacific Ocean, 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia. New Caledonia is part of Zealandia, a fragment of the ancient Gondwana supercontinent. It is speculated that this land mass broke off from the Australian land mass.

The archipelago, which is part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre as well as the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea.

Things To Do

New Caledonia is a small island, and its population consists of a mix of Kanak people (the natives), people of European descent (French), Polynesian people, and Southeast Asian people. The capital of the territory is Nouméa. French is the official language of the country. However, English and Japanese are also widely spoken.

The climate is tropical, with a hot and humid season from November to March and a temperature from 27 °C to 30 °C. June to August, on the other hand, is a cool, dry season, with temperatures between 20 °C and 23 °C. The average annual temperature is 23 °C.

New Caledonia has the richest biodiversity in the world per square kilometer. You’ll enjoy this little heaven.


The currency of New Caledonia is French Pacific Franc. The approximate rate is 115 CPF for 1 US Dollar. Australian and New Zealand dollars are also acceptable in shops, hotels, and restaurants. Currency exchange facilities are available at the airport and main banks. It is better to have Euros, as they require no or less commission when exchanged.

American Express and Visa credit cards are widely accepted. There are also ATMs available in Nouméa. However, there can be a weekly withdrawal limit, so make sure to have enough cash on you for everyday expenses. If you want to take traveler’s cheques with you, make them in Euro as well. And be ready to pay additional charges for the exchange.


As for electricity, New Caledonia uses type F sockets. You need to bring a travel adapter to fit the proper socket type. Check out the above-linked page to see the photos and other useful information. The standard voltage is 220 V.  Many of your devices may need a step-up transformer to match the electrical voltage.

Drive Right or Left

People in New Caledonia drive on the right side of the road. The roads are okay. However, if you want to rent a car, you need to be over 21 years (or, in some cases, over 25).

October 5, 2016 1:21 pm Published by

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