Nepal is the country that has the tallest mountain in the world. It is a small landlocked country in South Asia. The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. It is also the most populated city in Nepal and has beautiful ancient palaces, temples, monasteries, and architecture. Nepal is one of the most popular destinations in the world for mountaineering and adventure travelers.

The official currency is Nepalese Rupee. 1 USD is equal to Rs109. It is illegal to exchange currency with persons other than authorised dealers in foreign exchange (banks, hotels and licensed money changers). Visitors should obtain Foreign Exchange Encashment Receipts when changing currency and keep them, as these will help in many transactions, including getting visa extensions and trekking permits. Tourist shops, hotels, restaurants, and agencies accept MasterCard and Visa credit cards. American Express is more widely acceptable. 

Travel and tourism in Nepal

Numerous travelers from all around the world go to Nepal to explore the natural beauty of the Himalayan kingdom. There are lots of activities that can be done here. Mountain climbing, hiking, and rafting are the most popular. A lot of visitors also love bungy jumping, canyon swing, and paragliding. Many tourists also visit Nepal to indulge the beautiful mountain view. There are resorts on hill stations around the valley, and national parks full of wildlife. Tourism is a major part of the country.

People in Nepal are very tourist friendly and host a lot of travelers from around the world. Katmandu has restaurants and hotels almost like any western country. Most of the country remains raw and rural due to the varying topography and landscape.  Nepal is also a very popular for Hindus and Buddhists. A lot of travelers go to Nepal for the religious purpose.

Nepal was once the only Hindu nation. There are a lot of temples of gods and goddesses with major significance for Hindus in Nepal. For people who follow Buddhism, Nepal is also their pilgrimage site, as Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal. People go to Lumbini for the spiritual retreat and to step into the holy place where the great Buddha was born.

To get around, you can use taxis or rent a car with a driver. Taxis are relatively cheap, but you should always negotiate the price, before getting in. Self-drive cars are not available for hire. 

As for electricity, Nepal uses types C, D, and M sockets. You need to bring a travel adapter to fit the proper socket type. Check out the above-linked page to see the photos and other useful information. The standard voltage is 230 V.  Many of your devices may need a step-up transformer to match the electrical voltage.

Geography and climate

The beautiful Himalayan country has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest mountain and point on Earth, Mount Everest, which is called Sagarmatha in Nepal. The landscape and terrain of the country is very diverse.The rectangular shaped country can be divided into three physiography areas from east to west and there are several major rivers flowing from north to south.

The northern mountain belt of Nepal (Himalayas) borders with Tibet and has mountains. The temperate is usually cold all year long because of the altitude. The central hilly belt of Nepal (Pahad) has beautiful hills and valleys. The temperature is usually pleasant and moderate. The southern flat belt of Nepal (Terai) borders with India and is flat. The temperature is usually warm and very hot and humid in summer.

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June 22, 2016 12:00 am Published by 3 Comments

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